How to Become a Financial Planner
| Liz Simmons Modified on May 2, 2022
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Financial planners advise individuals and organizations to help meet long-term financial goals. Personal financial advisor jobs can provide high earnings and flexible work schedules.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that personal financial advisors, including financial planners, earned a median annual salary of $89,330 in 2020. Employers typically require candidates to possess bachelor's degrees in business or finance. To advance in the field, many financial planners earn certifications in financial planning.
Read on to explore the necessary steps to become a financial advisor, including education, credentials, and experience.
Steps to Becoming a Financial Advisor
- Earn a Bachelor's Degree: Financial planner education requirements usually include a bachelor's degree. Some employers seek applicants with degrees in finance, accounting, or business, but many do not stipulate a specific course of study. Classes in taxes, risk management, and investments prepare students to pursue work as financial advisors. A bachelor's degree typically takes four years to complete.
- Complete On-the-Job Training: After graduating with a bachelor's degree, a student can pursue entry-level financial planner jobs. Most employers require recent graduates to work closely with more experienced financial advisors for a year or longer.
- Attain Licenses: Some financial planners must obtain state licenses or register with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). For example, professionals who provide specific investment advice and directly buy or sell insurance policies, stocks, or bonds may need additional credentials.
- Obtain Certifications in Financial Planning: Earning a certified financial planner (CFP) credential can lead to career advancement. To receive the CFP designation, each applicant must hold a bachelor's degree, complete a minimum of three years of relevant work experience, pass the CFP test, and agree to a professional code of ethics.
- Pursue Additional Higher Education: A financial advisor can open the door to advanced career opportunities, management positions, and higher salaries by completing a master's degree in business administration or finance.
Required Financial Planner Education
Becoming a financial advisor requires at least a bachelor's degree. Some employers seek a bachelor's in accounting, business, law, or economics. Financial planner education includes coursework in taxes, investments, and risk management.
To pursue the certified financial planner credential, each candidate needs a bachelor's degree. Formal finance and accounting coursework prepares students for the optional CFP exam. Although not required, a master's degree in finance, accounting, or business administration can help financial planners qualify for advanced job opportunities and higher salaries.
- Read about bachelor's degree programs in accounting
- Read about master's degree programs in accounting
- Read about master's degree programs in business administration
Required Licensing and Certifications in Financial Planning
Depending on the career level and job duties, becoming a financial advisor may require a license. Certifications are optional but can lead to better job opportunities. Licensing requirements for financial planners vary by state and career.
Financial advisors who give specific types of investment advice, along with professionals who buy or sell stocks, bonds, or insurance policies, may need one or more licenses. Financial advisors who do not participate in these activities may not need to earn licensure.
Financial planners who work at large companies may need to register with the SEC. The North American Securities Administrators Association's website provides additional details about state licensing board requirements for registered investment advisors.
Optional Degrees and Credentials
Financial planners can pursue optional degrees and certifications to demonstrate their mastery of the field and advance professionally. A master's degree in business administration, accounting, or finance can help financial planners qualify for advanced personal financial advisor jobs with higher pay.
Optional certifications in financial planning, like the certified financial planner credential, can also improve a financial advisor's reputation. Many employers prefer to hire financial planners with the CFP certification. Maintaining credentials typically requires professionals to complete continuing education credits.
The CFP Board delivers the certified financial planner credential. Applicants must meet education and experience requirements, pass an exam, and agree to a code of professional ethics.
Required Experience for a Financial Planner
The financial planning field does not generally require a specific amount of experience for entry-level positions. However, recent graduates with related work experience can stand out from their competition in the job market. Some bachelor's programs feature internships and practicums for students to develop experience before graduation.
Entry-level personal financial advisor jobs typically include on-the-job training under the supervision of more experienced advisors. Qualifying for certifications in financial planning typically requires professional experience. Becoming a CFP requires 6,000 hours of relevant professional experience or 4,000 hours of apprenticeship experience.
Should I Become a Financial Planner?
Becoming a financial advisor can offer a lucrative, rewarding career choice for many people in the industry. Consider the following potential pros and cons to help make your decision.
|Pros of Becoming a Financial Planner||Cons of Becoming a Financial Planner|
|High earning potential||Can be a high-stress job|
|Flexible hours||Finding clients can be difficult and requires self-marketing|
|Work independently or find employment with a public or private firm||May need to meet specific education, experience, and licensing requirements|
|Interact with a diverse clientele and provide meaningful advice||May need to work long hours in the early years of your career|
|Certifications are relatively easy and inexpensive to obtain||Requires hard work, discipline, and motivation to succeed|
The Search for Personal Financial Advisor Jobs
Students and new graduates can find financial planner and personal financial advisor jobs in many places. Most universities offer career development centers that offer job boards, interview preparation, resume reviews, and mentorship programs. Consider looking for career resources from professional organizations or attending job fairs and networking events.
Use your current connections to discover new professional opportunities. Ask previous employers, professors, and mentors for recommendations. You can start your job search with one of the following job boards.
The American Accounting Association Job Board : The AAA's career center connects job-seekers with accounting and finance opportunities throughout the U.S.
Accounting Jobs Today : This site offers career resources for finance and accounting professionals. It also features an employer recruitment center and a professional career center.
AccountingCrossing : As a private, members-only job site, AccountingCrossing posts finance jobs from government, corporate, and public interest job websites.
iHireAccounting : This industry-focused job board allows prospective employees to search for accounting opportunities across the U.S. Users can post their resumes and receive advice from career experts.
Read more tips on job searching:
- How do you professionally network in accounting?
- Is it worth working with a recruiter?
- How do you write a resume?
Becoming a financial advisor offers the opportunity for upward mobility without changing careers. Financial advisors can continue to take on more and better-paying clients to increase their earnings over time. They can move from working for firms to setting up their own businesses, as well.
Financial planners can also pursue other positions, like financial manager, to advance professionally. Financial managers oversee organizations' long-term financial goals. They supervise employees, advise management on financial decisions, and find ways to maximize profits and minimize costs.
Financial managers earned a median annual salary of $134,180 as of May 2020. The BLS projects a faster-than-average 17% employment growth rate for financial managers from 2020-2030. These managers usually need at least five years of experience in financial or business positions. Some obtain optional certifications, but they do not need higher education beyond a bachelor's degree.
Questions About How to Become a Financial Advisor
What degree do you need to become a financial planner?Becoming a financial advisor typically requires at least a bachelor's degree. An education in finance, economics, accounting, or business prepares students to pursue personal financial advisor jobs.
How long does it take to start a financial planner career?Most aspiring financial planners begin their professional journeys by earning their bachelor's degrees, which typically take four years. Graduates can pursue entry-level positions and receive on-the-job training in their first role. However, to become certified, a financial planner must have 4,000 hours as an apprentice or 6,000 hours of relevant professional experience.
What is a certified financial planner?Many employers prefer applicants with certifications in financial planning, like the certified financial planner credential. The CFP demonstrates expertise in the field. To become a CFP, each candidate must possess a bachelor's degree and at least three years of relevant professional experience. They also must pass the CFP exam and agree to a code of ethics.
Are financial planners in demand?The BLS projects a slower-than-average 5% employment growth rate for personal financial advisors, including financial planners, from 2020-2030. Job openings typically appear when existing planners change jobs or retire.
What is the definition of business planning?Business planning is when an organization's managers come together to make or assess a company's financial plan. This type of planning includes articulating goals, strategies, and necessary actions.
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